Stele Of Revealing Monday, Aug 4 2008 

An outline drawing of The Stele of Revealing is available here to download and colour yourself.

Stele of Revealing Line Drawing PDF for download

Creative Commons License
This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Licence.

What is The Stele of Revealing and how do you get one?

The beginning of Liber XV The Gnostic Mass says in the ‘Furninshings of the Temple’:

“IN THE EAST , that is, in the direction of Boleskine, which is situated on the South-Eastern shore of Loch Ness in Scotland, two miles east of Foyers, is a shrine or High Altar. Its dimensions should be 7 feet in length, 3 feet in breadth, 44 inches in height. It should be covered with a crimson altar-cloth, on which may be embroidered fleur-de-lys in gold, or a sunblaze, or other suitable emblem.


On each side of it should be a pillar or obelisk, with countercharges in black and white.


Below it should be the dais of three steps, in black and white squares.


Above it is the super-altar, at whose top is the Stèle of Revealing in reproduction, with four candles on each side of it. Below the stèle is a place for The Book of the Law, with six candles on each side of it. Below this again is the Holy Graal, with roses on each side of it. There is room in front of the Cup for the Paten. On each side beyond the roses are two great candles.”

Also Liber Al III:10 says:

Get the stele of revealing itself; set it in thy secret temple – and that temple is already aright disposed – & it shall be your Kiblah for ever. It shall not fade, but miraculous colour shall come back to it day after day. Close it in locked glass for a proof for a proof to the world.




What Thelemites refer to as The Stele of Revealing is an Ancient Egyptian funerary artifact which resides in the Boulaq Museum in Cairo. It comes from the capital city of Thebes and dates from the Late Period of the 26th Dynasty which was from around 672-525 BCE.

It was created by a priest of the god Mentu, Ankh-af-na-khonsu as a commemoration of his death. It is made from wood and covered with stucco on both sides, a type of plaster created from lime, sand and water, then painted. It is rounded at the top and measures 51.5 by 31 centimeters.

The Stele was discovered by Aleister Crowley and his wife Rose on a trip to the Cairo museum on their honeymoon on the 18th March 1904. Preceding the visit Rose had entered a trance state and received a message stating “They are waiting for you” which she said was from the Egyptian god Horus. Crowley took her to the museum so that she could verify this by pointing out who it was that the message was from, as she had no previous knowledge of magick or Egyptology. She pointed out the funerary artifact of Ankh-af-na-khonsu which Crowley considered to be most significant, as there were many other more common depictions of Horus that Rose could have picked from other then this unassuming tablet. It was cataloged with the number 666 – the number of The Great Beast of Biblical Revelation.

The discovery of The Stele of Revealing led on to Crowley receiving The Book of the Law the following month.

The obverse side:

The reverse side:


The obverse side of the stele depicts the goddess of the night sky, Nuit, arched over the entire scene. Beneath her is the winged solar disk of Hadit, the heiroglyphs contained within the wings read: “the great god, Lord of the sky.”


Throned is the god Horus, above him the hieroglyphs read: “Ra-hoor-khuit, chief of the gods.”


Facing the god stands the priest Ankh-af-na-Khonsu, the heiroglyphs above him read:
“The deceased, priest of Mentu, Lord of Thebes, the justified one for whom the doors of the sky are opened in Karnak, Ankh-f-n-khonsu.”


Between them is an altar of offerings of bread, cattle and fowl.


The heiroglyphs running along the bottom section of the stele read:

The words spoken by the Osiris (i.e. the deceased), the priest of Monthu, Lord of Thebes, the one who opens the doors of the sky in Karnak, the justified Ankh-f-n-Khonsu—


“O High One, may He be praised, the Great One of power, the spirit of great dignity, who brings fear of himself to the gods, who shines forth upon his throne—


Make open the way for my soul, my spirit, and my shadow, for I am equipped so that I might shine forth as an equipped one, make open the way for me to the place where Ra, Atum, Kheperi, and Hathor are.”


The deceased, priest of Monthu, Lord of Thebes, the justified Ankh-f-n-Khonsu, the son of the man with the same titles, Bes-en-mut, and the son of the musician of Amun-Re, the mistress of the house Taneshi.”

What we have as vowels in written English are not written in heiroglyphs so ‘Mentu’ may also be rendered ‘Monthu’ or a variety of other spellings.

On the reverse side of the stele is written a prayer:

The words spoken by the Osiris, priest of Monthu, Lord of Thebes, the justified Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu.


“O my heart of my mother (two times), O my heart while I am upon earth, do not rise up against me—as my witness, do not oppose me in the tribunal, do not be hostile against me in the presence of the Great God, Lord of the West.


Although I have joined myself to the earth in the great western side of the sky, may I endure upon earth.”


Words spoken by the Osiris, the priest of Thebes, the justified Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu—


“O Unique One, who shines as the moon, may the deceased, Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu, go forth among your multitide (this to the outside)—O deliverer of those who are in the sunshine, open for him the Netherworld (the Duaut)—indeed the Osiris, Ankh-ef-en-Khonsu, shall go forth by day to do that which he wills upon the earth and among the living.”


Crowley rewrote from the stele:


Above, the gemmed azure is
The naked splendour of Nuit;
She bends in ecstasy to kiss
The secret ardours of Hadit.
The winged globe, the starry blue,
Are mine, O Ankh-af-na-khonsu! [Liber AL I:14]

I am the Lord of Thebes, and I
The inspired forth-speaker of Mentu;
For me unveils the veiled sky,
The self-slain Ankh-af-na-khonsu
Whose words are truth. I invoke, I greet
Thy presence, O Ra-Hoor-Khuit!

Unity uttermost showed!
I adore the might of Thy breath,
Supreme and terrible God,
Who makest the gods and death
To tremble before Thee:—
I, I adore thee!

Appear on the throne of Ra!
Open the ways of the Khu!
Lighten the ways of the Ka!
The ways of the Khabs run through
To stir me or still me!
Aum! let it fill me! [Liber AL III:37]

The light is mine; its rays consume
Me: I have made a secret door
Into the House of Ra and Tum,
Of Khephra and of Ahathoor.
I am thy Theban, O Mentu,
The prophet Ankh-af-na-khonsu!

By Bes-na-Maut my breast I beat;
By wise Ta-Nech I weave my spell.
Show thy star-splendour, O Nuit!
Bid me within thine House to dwell,
O winged snake of light, Hadit!
Abide with me, Ra-Hoor-Khuit! [Liber AL III:38]



And the reverse side:

Saith of Mentu the truth-telling brother
Who was master of Thebes from his birth:
O heart of me, heart of my mother!
O heart which I had upon earth!
Stand not thou up against me a witness!
Oppose me not, judge, in my quest!
Accuse me not now of unfitness
Before the Great God, the dread Lord of the West!
For I fastened the one to the other
With a spell for their mystical girth,
The earth and the wonderful West,
When I flourished, o earth, on thy breast!

The dead man Ankh-f-n-khonsu
Saith with his voice of truth and calm:
O thou that hast a single arm!
O thou that glitterest in the moon!
I weave thee in the spinning charm;
I lure thee with the billowy tune.

The dead man Ankh-f-n-khonsu
Hath parted from the darkling crowds,
Hath joined the dwellers of the light,
Opening Duaut, the star-abodes,
Their keys receiving.
The dead man Ankh-f-n-khonsu
Hath made his passage into night,
His pleasure on the earth to do
Among the living.



Despite the verse from The Book of the Law saying: “Get the stele of revealing itself…” it would be fairly impractical for every Thelemite in the world to share the one original for their temples, only one Gnostic Mass could take place worldwide at a time!

Creating a stele from wood and stucco measuring 51.5 by 31 centimeters then hand painted would be the most ideal solution, however copies of whatever size most suits your temple are just as effective, painted on canvas, woven in a hanging or simply printed on card.

Not everyone has the artistic ability to completely re-create their own Stele of Revealing from scratch. So a black and white line drawing version has been created for you to print out and colour yourself in whatever manner you see fit, coloured pencils, ink, paint or whatever you have available to you. Just click on the link at the top of this page and print it out.

If this version is printed on card with a laser printer, it is possible to ink it in with water colours or thinly mixed acrylic paints and the nature of the laser printing will make it slightly water resistant, making it much easier to see the details if you paint over them. The background can be left white as the stucco originally painted on would have been a pale creamy colour; or you could print it on cream card or create a thin wash of water based paint to apply to the whole piece before adding the other colours. Please be aware that painting with water based paints will only really work if printing with a laser printer, print from an inkjet printer is water soluble and will make a big mess if you paint a wash of colour over it. If you only have an inkjet printer available to you then you can photocopy the print which you can do inexpensively at most libraries and public printing shops and still use water based paints as the photocopying ink will be permanent.

Once you have finished colouring your stele, if it is on thin card you can cut it out to the shape it would have originally been and mount it on thicker board; or paint a background around it if you would prefer to leave it rectangular, it does stand up better that way.

Alternatively, if you would like to paint onto canvas, you can cover the back of a printed version in graphite or charcoal, or buy some carbon paper from an art store and use the print to trace the image onto a pre-bought canvas by drawing over all of the details with a hard pencil or pen. Some printing shops will now print your own images onto canvas for you but this can be expensive.

Creating your own Stele of Revealing can be a really rewarding exercise and give you a stronger connection with the imagery. If you do create your own from the download, send us a picture at tamesa@oto-uk.org and we’ll show off your work in our gallery.

Summer Solstice Mithraic Celebration Sunday, Jun 15 2008 

On Saturday 21st June we will be performing a group ritual to Mithras in celebration of the summer solstice.

This will be the third time we have performed this fascinating ritual which was adapted from a ritual from the 4th century e.v. It is set to be a very popular event after members of Tamesa Oasis gave a very successful presentation on Mithraism at the Norwegian National O.T.O. gather in Oslo in May.

The temple will be transformed into a Mithraeum, the traditional temple of Mithras worship centered around the Tauroctony, an artistic depiction of the god slaying the sacred bull from which wheat and seeds came forth and created all the loveliness of nature.

mithraem

More information on Mithras can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mithraism

And details of our previous Mithraic celebrations can be found here and here.

If you would like to take part in this ritual please contact the Tamesa Oasis secretary for more information.

Man of Earth Initiation Class Thursday, Jun 5 2008 

Saturday 21st June from 2pm onwards.

This class is intended for those who have recently received initiation into the Man of Earth degrees from Minerval to II* and is also very useful for all initiates to take a closer look at the text of each of the rituals in turn.

It is open to those initiated to Minerval and above only, and only those initiated to the appropriate degree will be permitted to attend each of the classes.

Class will begin at 2pm, please check with the Oasis Secretary for specific times if not attending the whole day. Ritual scripts will be provided.

In the evening we will be holding a small celebration for the summer solstice which will be open to all who wish to attend. More details on this to follow shortly.

Weekend of Events Wednesday, May 14 2008 

We have a busy weekend planned at Tamesa from Friday 23rd – Sunday 25th May.

  • Friday 23rd May - Rehearsals and initiation temple set-up followed by ‘Meet the O.T.O.’ open social.

The officers for the following day’s initiations will be running through the rituals and setting up the temple for a prompt start the following day. All officers MUST attend in order to take part and any other initiated members are encouraged to attend to assist.

In the evening we will be going on to our favourite local, warm, friendly pub for our regular open social meeting. If you are curious about the O.T.O. and would like to find out more and meet some of the members this is a prefect opportunity to do so. All are welcome but it is over 18s only.

Please contact the Oasis Secretary to find out where we will be and how to find us.

  • Saturday 24th May – Man of Earth Initiations into Ordo Templi Orientis

Minerval Initiations will begin at 11am. I* will begin at 2pm and II* will begin at 3pm.

To attend the initiations please arrive from 10am. Minerval candidates please arrive promptly at 10.30am, all fees must be paid at this time in order for the initiations to go ahead. Late arrivals will not be admitted. Applications for initiation on this date are now closed.

To attend these initiations you must be an initiated member of O.T.O. to the relevant degrees or above. Attendees are strongly encouraged to dress appropriately for the Minervals, O.T.O. robes MUST be worn for admittance to the I* and II* initiations. Please contact the secretary for further details of dress code.

There will be a feast in honour of the newly made Minervals in the evening given by the II* members which is open to all members of the Order. Please contact the Oasis Secretary in advance to confirm your attendance.

  • Sunday 25th May – Celebration of Liber XV The Gnostic Mass.

Gnostic Masses at Tamesa Oasis are open to all who wish to attend.

Those attending the Mass that have been confirmed into the E.G.C. should bring their white robe to wear. If you wish to be Baptised or Confirmed into the church then please contact the Oasis in advance.

There will be a small feast after the Mass, please bring food and drink to share with others for this.

FAQ Wednesday, Apr 30 2008 

Frequently Asked Questions

These FAQ’s came originally from the US Grand Lodge website and are reposted here as we hope they may be helpful to people coming to this website.

Do you have a question about O.T.O., Thelema, or this site? Please check this list of frequently asked questions for an answer.

Please note that this FAQ deals very briefly with some extremely complex topics, and as such leaves out many nuances, exceptions, and interesting details. We strongly encourage those interested in O.T.O. and Thelema to conduct more thorough research to gain a more complete understanding of these issues.

Questions about Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.)

How old is O.T.O.?
By tradition, O.T.O. traces its spiritual origins to the foundation of the Order of Knights Templar in 1108. More historically, its immediate antecedents (according to Aleister Crowley) were the 18th-century Rosicrucian Orders. The initial conferences that actually led to the formation of O.T.O. as a modern organization were held in 1895 in Europe. These conferences led to the launching of The Oriflamme, a journal that would later become the official journal of O.T.O., in 1902. The Constitution of O.T.O. was published in 1906, and its Manifesto was first issued in the U.S.A. in 1919.
What is Aleister Crowley’s relationship to the O.T.O.?
Aleister Crowley was admitted to the O.T.O. in 1910. He was appointed national Grand Master X° for Britain and Ireland in 1912, and assumed worldwide leadership as O.H.O. (Outer Head of the Order) in 1922. He completely revised the Order’s rituals and structure, conforming them to the Law of Thelema.
What is the difference between O.T.O. and M∴M∴M∴?
M∴M∴M∴ (Mysteria Mystica Maxima), was originally established as the British section of the O.T.O. under Crowley as National Grand Master. As currently understood, M∴M∴M∴ represents the aspect of O.T.O. that administers the initiatory degrees of O.T.O. from 0° (Minerval) through VII°.
How is the Gnostic Catholic Church related to O.T.O.?
Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica (E.G.C.) or the Gnostic Catholic Church, was incorporated into the O.T.O. structure in 1908. Crowley wrote the Gnostic Mass (Liber XV) for the E.G.C. and O.T.O. in 1913. The E.G.C. formally accepted the Law of Thelema in 1920. As currently understood, the E.G.C. represents the aspect of O.T.O. that administers the Gnostic Mass and associated ecclesiastical rituals.
Is the O.T.O. a “Secret Society”?
O.T.O. does hold the details of its initiatory rituals and initiatory documents to be secret, and it considers the identity of its members to be private and confidential. O.T.O. policy requires it to comply with all applicable laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates.
Do I need to be a member of the O.T.O. to participate in the Gnostic Mass?
Membership in O.T.O. is not a pre-requisite for attendance at the Gnostic Mass, in most locations. The Gnostic Mass is generally referred to as “the central ritual of the O.T.O. both public and private” and often serves as a contact point for those interested in finding out more about the Order and its practices. Some local bodies do prefer to have some kind of initial contact before inviting new individuals to attend the Gnostic Mass. It is also generally expected that those attending the Gnostic Mass participate in the eucharist offered at the end of the ceremony. We encourage those interested in attending the Gnostic Mass to familiarize themselves with the text of the ritual (Liber XV) before deciding whether to attend.
Is Ordo Templi Orientis Satanic or anti-Christian?
O.T.O. makes no claims or representations to be either Satanic or anti-Christian. We find that these characterizations serve no real purpose in describing what we are about, or our vision for humanity. Rather than being anti-Christian, we are in fact pro-Thelema: we support the Thelemic ideals of freedom of religious and personal self-expression; emancipation from superstition and social oppression; and the development of a world view which supports and encourages the age-old vision of the Universal Brotherhood of mankind.
Do your rituals involve animal sacrifice?
None of the initiation rituals of O.T.O. or ecclesiastical rituals of E.G.C. involve animal sacrifice in any way. No O.T.O. member is ever required by O.T.O. to perform or participate in animal sacrifice. However, O.T.O. takes no moral or religious stand against the practice of animal sacrifice, per se. Animal sacrifice is an ancient and legitimate religious tradition that has historically been practiced by many established religious systems, including Classical Paganism, Judaism, Islam, and many African and Afro-Caribbean religions.
What is the relationship between Ordo Templi Orientis and Wicca?
O.T.O. is not a Wiccan or Pagan organization. However, O.T.O. membership is not incompatible with Wicca or Paganism. Gerald Gardner, who is commonly credited with establishing modern Wicca and coining that term, was deeply influenced by Crowley’s work and was an initiate of O.T.O. A number of members of O.T.O. also consider themselves Wiccans.
What is the relationship between Ordo Templi Orientis and Freemasonry?
O.T.O. was originally associated with certain European rites of Freemasonry, but long ago separated itself from Masonry altogether. O.T.O. membership is not incompatible with membership in most Masonic organizations.
Is O.T.O. a religion ?
No. O.T.O. is a religious organization and magical fraternity that works within the wider context of the spiritual philosophy known as Thelema which technically could be considered a religion.
Do members of your Order practice “black magic”?
“Black magic” is commonly conceived as a type of “sorcery” or “diabolism” intended to cause harm to other beings. Crowley’s conception of “black magic” represents a refinement of this common understanding of the term: he defined black magic as magical work which does not serve the aspirant’s True Will; and he also held that it could not be the True Will of any being to oppose the True Will of another. The spiritual practices of O.T.O. are intended to enhance the lives of its initiates, not to harm anyone. No one is instructed by O.T.O. in curses, hexes, or any other kind of magic designed to harm another person. Further, in his classic work Magick Without Tears, Crowley defines the three distinct “schools of Magick” as being yellow, white and black, yet posits these schools in a very different way than what one might first imagine; and the Magick practiced by the Black School is distinct from either conception of “black magic” described above. O.T.O. encourages a thorough understanding, by its members and non-members alike, of the definitions of the three schools as given by Crowley.
How do I join O.T.O.?
Initiate membership requires a physical ceremony, which in turn means that you must find and contact an O.T.O. local body near you to apply for initiation.
Do I have to believe in some particular dogma to join O.T.O.?
If you decide to pursue full membership, as a I°, you will be stating that you accept the Book of the Law as written, without wishing to change it. Even in the Minerval degree, you will be making a commitment in the strongest terms to uphold the ideals of freedom set forth in the Book of the Law. However, how you interpret the Book of the Law and its significance is largely up to you.
I’m a [Buddhist|Wiccan|Catholic|Baptist|Druid|etc.]. Can I stay one if I join the O.T.O.?
O.T.O. does not impose restrictions on members’ beliefs, or on their affiliations with other organizations that do not attempt to infringe on the rights and operation of O.T.O. However, higher-degree members are expected to avoid allowing their participation in other groups to unduly limit the time and energy they can devote to their O.T.O. obligations.
Will I learn Magick in the O.T.O.?
The principal purpose of O.T.O. within the Man of Earth Triad is to administer the Mysteries (initiation rituals) and the ecclesiastical rites of the E.G.C., not to actively teach any particular system or practice of Magick. However, properly understood, these rituals offer significant instruction themselves, in the form of allegory and symbolism, that is of both practical and theoretical value to the serious student of Magick. In order to assist initiates to discover and understand some of the lessons of their initiations, Grand Lodge issues degree-specific self-study guides, which are provided by the local bodies to members on their initiation to each degree. In addition, many local bodies offer introductory classes, seminars, practical workshops, and instructional and reference materials on a variety of systems and techniques of Magick, traditional and non-traditional, as well as on such related topics as Qabalah, Yoga, meditation, divination, mythology, symbolism, and comparative religion.
Why does O.T.O. charge dues?
Financial support is necessary to run a large multinational organization, even one staffed by volunteers. Our financial records are open to members.
What do I get for my dues?
Order members receive national and international newsletters, which are typically published on an irregular basis. In addition, being dues current entitles you to attend initiations and other events that are only open to members in good standing. It allows you to apply for initiation to the next degree, as you feel ready to advance. It gives you the prerogative of sponsoring other applicants for initiation, once you are a I° or higher yourself.

Questions about Thelema and Aleister Crowley

What is “Thelema”?
In brief, Thelema is the religious-magical-philosophical system founded when Aleister Crowley received the Book of the Law in 1904. Its principal tenets can be summarized by the brief phrases, “Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law” and “Love is the law, love under will.”
What is a Thelemite?
The term “Thelemite” is subject to several different interpretations. The term itself was coined by Francois Rabelais in 1534 e.v. Crowley used the term to refer to someone who “accepts the Law” (i.e., the Book of the Law) and actively works within the Three Grades of the system of Thelema. Herein, we follow Crowley’s usage.
How do I become a Thelemite?
By deciding that you are a Thelemite, and accepting the Law of Thelema. Accepting Liber AL as a spiritual and magical focal point is implicit in this idea, in the sense that it would be paradoxical to claim to be practicing Thelema without this acceptance. What you do beyond that is entirely up to you (“Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law”). There is no requirement to join any particular organization, to associate with (or shun) other Thelemites, or to follow any specific course of study, meditation, or ritual practice. Many Thelemites do find that membership in a Thelemic organization proves useful in furthering their own Work. There are numerous such organizations to choose from, with O.T.O. being perhaps the largest and best-known among them.
What if it’s your True Will to do [some bad thing]?
This is the philosophical puzzle at the core of Thelema, and like most puzzles, it resists easy solution. One school of thought considers “Do what thou wilt” to be a descriptive rather than a normative law, similar to the distinction between the speed-of-light limit imposed by the physical nature of the Universe and a posted highway speed limit. Given that your having carried out a given act indicates that you both intended it to occur and successfully made this intention manifest, it is evident that you have conformed to the laws governing such actions; q.e.d. The other school argues that the Law should be seen as a goal to be achieved, and that it is very possible to act against your (true) Will. In this view, it is posited that were all to do their own Wills and nothing else, there would be no strife.
Was Aleister Crowley a Satanist?
Aleister Crowley was a systematic and scientific explorer of religious practices, techniques, and doctrines. As such, he performed devotional exercises to Satan as well as to Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, to various deities from the Egyptian and Hindu pantheons, to Jehovah as well as to Allah, and to the divine personifications that are unique to the system of Thelema. At one time or another Crowley was an Atheist, a Polytheist, a Monotheist, and a Pantheist, a Satanist and a Christian, a Hindu Yogi, a Hebrew Qabalist, a Muslim Mystic, a Buddhist, and a Pagan. In 1904, he became the Prophet of the New Aeon and the founder of the religious magical, and philosophical movement called Thelema, through his reception of Liber AL vel Legis, the Book of the Law.
Did Crowley really sacrifice children?
No. Crowley never performed or advocated human sacrifice. His much-quoted allusion to frequent “child-sacrifice” (Magick In Theory & Practice, Chapter XII) was a metaphor for a specific practice of sexual magick that did not involve harm to any individual, but diverted the energies of sexuality from physical reproduction to other purposes. The ‘child’ or ‘Bud-Will’ that is sacrificed in such a practice is a particular manifestation of the magician’s Will, and not a physical, human child. Human sacrifice in any form would be incompatible with the principles of Thelema, as a violation of the right of every individual to live as he or she wills.
How do you pronounce ‘Thelema’?
One hears both “thuh-LEE-muh” and “theh-LAY-muh” commonly, and other variants now and then. The original Greek is Θελημα. This word is pronounced “theh-LEE-mah” in modern Greek, and would have most likely been pronounced “teh-LAY-mah” in ancient (Attic) Greek—so take your pick.
What does the “e.v.” I see after dates in Thelemic writings mean?
Thelema has its own calendar, but at present it is used largely for ceremonial purposes. In common with many religions, for many practical purposes we use the Gregorian calendar instead. In Christian practice, the years after the traditional birth of Christ are identified as “A.D.,” or “Anno Domini,” which means “Year of Our Lord.” Scholars wishing to use the Gregorian calendar without that sectarian attribution adopted the practice of using “C.E.,” short for “Common Era,” instead. Some used the Latin equivalent, which is “E.V.” (“Era Vulgaris”). Crowley established the tradition of using the latter form when referring to Gregorian dates in Thelemic materials, and this tradition has been maintained into the present day.
What does “93″ mean?
The old Hebrew and Greek languages had no separate system of numerals; numbers were instead signified by the use of the letters of their respective alphabets, each of which had a specific numeric value assigned to it. Therefore, a numeric value can be derived from any word or phrase spelled in either Greek or Hebrew. The study of these numeric values and their meanings is termed “gematria”. The Greek words Θελημα (Thelema — Will) and Αγαπη (Agape — Love) both enumerate to the number 93. Therefore, the number 93 serves as a concise, symbolic expression of the principles of Will (Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law) and Love (Love is the law, love under will). Crowley recommended the use of these phrases as Thelemic salutations of greeting and departure; modern Thelemites frequently use “93″ as a shorter and more casual equivalent.

Next Page »